1. Acid reflux of children like physical, pathological?
- Physiological reflux: Children under 6 months of age usually have milk (many times a day) but still have regular activities, gain weight normally, appear not to have recurrent wheezing, etc. physiologic. This situation will steadily reduce over time, not least until the child is over 1 year established.
- Pathological reflux: Children with acid reflux disease cause children to be bony, dying, anorexia, prolonged weight gain, frequent coughing or symptoms lasting greater than 1 year, etc. It’s pathological reflux. At this time, parents should take the child to see a pediatric gastroenterologist for proper diagnosis of the condition and give good and appropriate treatment.
2. Is gastric reflux dangerous?
Children may encounter complications of acid reflux that cause:
- Gastrointestinal complications: Esophagitis with many diverse levels, involving children’s eating activities. The most urgent is the esophagus Barrett, an inflammation of the esophagus, the slender esophagus, which represents it tough to distribute food from the mouth to the stomach.
- Respiratory complications: Children will be more reasonable to experience coughing, continued coughing, and proper treatment does not promote their symptoms develop. The acid from the stomach rises up the esophagus leading to the vocal cords in the throat to swell, planning the baby to wheeze, hoarseness. Worse, acid reflux in children is also connected to the child’s asthma.
- Dental and ear-nose-throat complications: Children with pathological reflux may experience ear infections, sinusitis, tooth erosion, prolonged weight gain, malnutrition, and lengthy-called effects on behavioral development. of the child.
3. How to handle acid reflux in children.
Treatment of acid reflux in children is reliant on the child’s age and the severity of symptoms.
- For older children, give light meals to support the stomach adjust to the amount of food each meal has.
- For babies who are still glass-filled, hold the pacifier full of milk when giving to avoid swallowing air. Parents should have in mind when determining a bottle for a baby, avoid nipples with huge holes to recognize the milk to discharge, which can form the baby choke.
- Adding a limited amount of cereal to breast milk or formula can help raise the consistency of the milk, treating to avoid stomach acid from leaking back into the esophagus.
Besides, the posture of feeding is also very necessary to help prevent acid reflux in children. When feeding, the baby’s head should be about 30 degrees larger than the existing surface. With this position, the esophagus will be richer than the stomach, so when foraging, eating and relaxing, milk and food will be reduced to reflux up the esophagus.
- After a baby’s suckling, pick him up in an upright position so his milk runs down to his stomach quickly. Parents also gently pat the child from the back down to help children burp. After babies burp, turn the baby down with his head up about 30 degrees larger than the bed surface.
In addition, parents also require setting and avoid factors that build up the pressure on the child’s abdomen such as coughing, composting, or putting on clothes, wearing diapers for children too thoroughly. Avoid having children in climates of cigarette smoke, kitchen smoke.
- Parents often massage children to develop respiratory and digestive function, help reduce stomach acid reflux. Massage your baby’s abdomen with brownish or coconut oil (heated) clockwise will help encourage the vagus nerve in the brain, one nerve concerned in the digestive and respiratory system. In addition, massage also requires the child’s bodywork further. However, parents should see that no massage for children soon after feeding.
- Besides rubbing, encouraging your child to exercise through several exercise exercises like running their legs helps reduce digestive problems such as bloating and flatulence. Do this by setting your child on his back, holding his feet in a curled position, turning his legs as if he were pushing. Parents note, do not put your baby right after schooling.
In case, after going all the above measures but not reducing gastroesophageal reflux in the children, parents should accept the child to health facilities to be inspected, examined, and talked about by a specialist.