Acid reflux disease is a common infection, or between the ages of 30 and 50. Most problems of acid reflux disease are soft, less serious. However, esophageal mucosal damage because of acid reflux esophagitis may progress in about a third of patients. Acid reflux is a significant source of most symptoms that lead to harm to the system of the larynx. The infection takes a negative impact on the quality of living, so we should observe it.
1. Symptoms of acid reflux
- Heartburn is the most frequent manifestation. The body feels an ardent passion in the chest, starting from behind the breastbone and turning to the collar and throat. This phenomenon appears after eating 30 minutes – 2 hours, after a hot meal, hot ethanol, caffeine, fat, carbonated drinks. Heartburn is more usual when stooping over and lying down.
- Another frequent symptom of Acid reflux is the feeling of food or water re-fluxing up the throat or mouth when bending or lying down. This can leave an awful taste (because of bile reflux) or a spoiled taste (because of gastric reflux) in the mouth.
- You may also experience some less typical symptoms, including persistent sore throat, hoarseness, continuous cough, difficulty swallowing or swallowing pain, asthma, unexplained chest pain, poor breath, cool feeling a lump in the throat.
2. Dangerous complications from Acid reflux
Most patients with acid reflux disease will not experience serious difficulties, with suitable therapy. However, some serious problems can happen in patients with severe acid reflux disease.
- Ulcers – Stomach acid flowing into the larynx can hurt the lining of the esophagus (esophagitis), even leading to esophageal ulcers. These sores can bleed, causing pain and difficulty swallowing. Medications used to treat acid reflux, such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), can help ulcers heal by reducing the amount of acid leaking into the esophagus.
- Stenosis and esophageal scarring – stomach acid pH can cause the esophagus to leave scars, causing severe blockages that cause food or medicine to get trapped in the esophagus. The scar tissue that occurs when the esophagus is damaged and then heals in the esophagus causes the esophagus to become smaller and smaller, making swallowing harder and more troublesome.
- Out of esophageal manifestations – Tooth wear, painful throat, laryngitis, hoarseness, vocal cord ulcers, otitis media, constant cough, pneumonia or asthma symptoms. Chronic acid reflux into the lungs can lead to permanent lung destruction, called pulmonary fibrosis or bronchiectasis.
Heartburn No More – Home remedies for acid reflux
- Barrett esophagus – The Barrett esophagus is a squamous tissue in the lower esophagus (just above the Z series) that is transformed into columnar tissue with intestinal-like cells (intestinal dysplasia). This process results from current harm to the esophageal position, and the most popular cause is long-term acid reflux disease. We estimate it that about 1 in 10 people with acid reflux will develop Barrett’s esophagus, after many years. These transformed cells have the potential to become carcinogenic. Therefore, people with Barrett esophagus are advised to have regular colonoscopy to monitor for early warning signs of cancer.
- Esophageal cancer – There are two main types of esophageal cancer: adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. In particular, a major risk factor for esophageal cancer is the Barrett esophagus, as noted above. It is estimated that 1 in 10-20 people with Barrett esophagus will develop esophageal cancer after 10-20 years.
3. Symptoms of esophageal cancer include
- Difficulty swallowing
- Unexplained weight loss
- Indigestion for a long time
- Coughing, persistent cough
Surgery to treat esophageal cancer can be effective if the disease is diagnosed at an early stage. Therefore, see a doctor if you find it difficult to swallow or if the aforementioned symptoms persist.