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Atopic dermatitis (likewise recognized as atopic eczema) is a chronic form of atopic dermatitis that involves children but may also spread into adulthood, an insignificant amount (about 3%) in adults. The infection is not life-threatening, but it produces the person itchy, tired, and influences every day. Characterized by a red rash or patches of skin that are depigmented.
Psoriasis is a chronic, often insistent, disease throughout the life of the patient. The disease is common in all ages; the rate follows in men more than women. The characteristic of psoriasis is the presentation of red papules and flaky flakes that are silvery white.
Atopic dermatitis, psoriasis are two types of conditions with similar symptoms, therefore it is difficult to distinguish. Determining the accurate explanation of the condition will help find the most effective method.
Clinical symptoms of atopic dermatitis and psoriasis
Clinical symptoms of atopic dermatitis
- The rash appears red, round, feel and will feel unpleasant, rough and have small blisters
- Itching, discomfort in the involved skin
- Skin edema: The skin will be harder than normal with the fluid inside, followed by an unpleasant burning sensation when sweating
- Scaly skin and eczema appear: when blisters break, fluid drains out. Over time, the wound will surface over and crack, setting a scab
- Accompanied by symptoms of fatigue, insomnia, and loss of appetite
This is dermatitis
Clinical manifestations of psoriasis
The characteristics of psoriasis are different, so it’s not so hard to identify:
- Red enlarged, and infected lesions on the skin surface. It shapes burning like a drop of water; the diameter varies from a few centimeters to 10-20cm depending on the location and condition.
- In damaged skin areas that appear crusting, peeling
- When the illness is severe, the injured skin area will suffer, leading to the patient pain
- The disease occurs in thick skin areas like the elbows or knees
- Psoriasis can also cause itching
Who can get atopic dermatitis and psoriasis?
Anyone can have these two conditions, but atopic dermatitis is more common in children, while psoriasis takes place between the ages of 20-40. The exact cause of atopic dermatitis and psoriasis has not been established, but the disease is concerned about changes in the immune system and genetic factors. Some habits that may make you more likely to develop atopic dermatitis include:
- Use skin irritants such as soap, unidentified cosmetics, dog or cat hair, foods infected with toxic substances.
- Wear tight-fitting clothes that make it difficult to absorb sweat
- Bathing with boiling water makes the skin to dry out, giving up its natural moisture
- Frequent sudden changes in body temperature (indoor and outdoor temperatures diverge)
- Polluted living environment
- Rubbing your hands often (etching, …)
- Skin trauma: Some injuries provide opportunities for bacteria to hit and form disease
Complications of atopic dermatitis and psoriasis
For atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is not life-threatening but if left untreated will cause the following unwanted complications:
- Viral atopic dermatitis is dangerous to the character. In the problem of viral dermatitis can cause fever, organ damage, even death if the condition is too serious.
- Influence on eyes: In situations of atopic dermatitis around the eyes will lead to conjunctivitis, eyelid inflammation, …
- Scarring: This is unavoidable for people with skin conditions, causing loss of aesthetics for damaged skin
- Other problems: Individuals with atopic dermatitis have other problems such as respiratory deficiency, asthma, bronchial asthma, …
Click here to read: What is psoriasis, cause and symptoms
People with psoriasis without timely treatment will cause many serious problems, including:
- Kidney problems: Kidney health can be affected if the patient does not treat psoriasis or uses the drug without the approval of a qualified physician.
- Complications for cardiovascular and blood pressure: Many current psoriasis medications have the potential to cause heartbeat, atherosclerosis, stroke, etc.
- Metabolic problems in the body: People with psoriasis are at risk for obesity, hypertension, and many other metabolic diseases in the body.
- Psychological problems: People with skin infections such as psoriasis often have low self-esteem and inferiority complexes
How to treat atopic dermatitis and psoriasis
To recover and the infection progresses, patients need to combine lifestyle changes and combine medication. Some ways that patients can apply to support the analysis of atopic dermatitis and psoriasis are:
- Have a healthy lifestyle, exercise and improve health
- Consult experts to know what atopic dermatitis and psoriasis should abstain from, build a diet that is moderation.
- Avoid using detergents and cosmetics that irritate your skin
- Drink enough of water and use moisturizers to replenish skin’s moisture
- Avoid sudden changes in body temperature
In extension, some treatments are often prescribed by specialists to treat atopic dermatitis and psoriasis to help victims recover. Patients should pay attention to the use of medicines only when directed and directed by a qualified doctor, avoiding unfortunate cases.
For atopic dermatitis
- Glucocorticoid: This drug is prescribed by a doctor when atopic dermatitis is in acute form. Used 2 times/day, reduce the dose when the disease is under control. Side effects when using this medicine will depend on the dose and period of use most cause stretch marks, acne, skin atrophy, … The glucocorticoid strong effect is showed for the areas hyperkeratotic skin and, for a short time, no use on the face and thin skin areas to avoid unwanted side effects.
- Antihistamines: prescribed by a doctor for the purpose of reducing itchiness. Patients often help this drug in the form of an oral or needle in the evening before going to bed. Although this medicine has a significant effect, we use it because the infection recurs more when the patient stops smoking.
- Besides Western medicine, patients can seek to treat atopic dermatitis with herbal medicine that has few side effects such as betel leaf, green tea leaf, etc. However, the degree of effectiveness depends on the muscle. site-by-person address and these remedies are usually applied only to patients with mild or newly developed atopic dermatitis.
Usually, patients will be prescribed the following medications by a doctor:
- Salicylic ointment: Helps to effectively peel off psoriasis on the skin
- Corticoid ointment: Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and prevents damage to inflamed skin. However, patients should not abuse this drug because it easily leads to side effects
- Ointment with Vitamin A: This drug helps stabilize the keratinized cells on the skin, prevents dry skin and relieves itching effectively.
- For the treatment of body psoriasis, patients can use a number of drugs including Losartan, Cyclosporin, Methotrexate, Tigason, … Patients should pay attention to the correct dosage prescribed by the doctor as prescribed for drugs This easily leads to liver dysfunction, kidney failure, leukopenia, … extremely dangerous.
Hopefully, the information from this article will provide you with useful knowledge to distinguish atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. I wish you always healthy!
Click here to read: What is the difference between psoriasis and Eczema