Acid reflux disease (GERD) is a phenomenon in which the subjects of the stomach back up into the esophagus and larynx, leading to indigestion, emit, and chest pain along the breastbone. The frequency of the condition is frequent, in the present pace of business. What are the symptoms of the condition, and how should it be regarded?
1. The destructive effects of Acid reflux
Acid reflux disease not only causes indigestion and transient discomfort, but it also leads to more terrible effects than we understand. In fact, the infection can get to unhealthy, even life-threatening complications if not dealt with. The accompanying is the harmful effects of acid reflux.
- Respiratory infections
Acid from the stomach reflux up to the airways can lead to sore throat, rhinitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. As a result, sufferers with cough, wheezing, and hoarseness last for a long time but do not react to conventional approaches.
- Esophageal ulcer
Another harmful effect of acid reflux is esophageal stenosis. Gastric acid reflux damages the lining of the larynx, leading to inflammation, contributing to ulcers, narrowing of the esophagus. Patients present exhibit symptoms such as difficulty eating, gagging, sore throat, chest pain, sternum pain when eating, vomit and regurgitating, loss of appetite.
- Barrett’s esophagus
Acid reflux disease can lead to another type of esophageal damage, the Barrett’s esophagus. Severe and prolonged damage to the Barret’s esophagus can contribute to esophageal cancer. This pathology is found by history esophageal endoscopy.
- Stomach cancer
Esophageal cancer is a serious consequence of esophageal ulcers produced by prolonged reflux. The disease is common in people over 50 years old. Patients with early reflux esophageal cancer often have no atypical symptoms. In the advanced stage, patients often see a doctor with syndromes of eating, pain behind the sternum persistent, hoarseness. We meet sometimes enlarged glands in the lower part of the throat. The patient’s body is thin and fatigued because of the inability to eat.
2. Treatment of Acid reflux
The treatment of gastroesophageal reflux will depend on the extent of the disease. Most cases are mild, just change the lifestyle and diet, the disease can be increased (quit smoking, gave up drinking, losing weight, bringing stress …). However, it is best to see a doctor for advice, diagnosis, and treatment to develop the condition if the disease persists. The main classes of medications recommended by a doctor for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease are PPIs that reduce stomach acid and some anti-reflux drugs. Other methods that can be accepted for severe and prolonged gastroesophageal reflux, such as surgery: The specialist will encourage you on the appropriate surgical method.
3. Treatment at home by making lifestyle changes
Lifestyle changes can reduce the frequency of stomach acid reflux. Treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease must always be accompanied by proper diet and living.Here are some tips to cure stomach reflux for you:
- Maintain a consistent weight: Being overweight puts pressure on your full body, causing your stomach to push up and making acid easier to flow back up into your larynx.
- Quit smoking: Smoking reduces the capacity of the esophageal sphincter to work, bringing to acid from the stomach to the esophagus.
- Do not push to lie down after eating: Do not eat dinner too late, before 8 pm. After eating 2-3 hours, lie down or go to bed.
- Eat slowly, chew: Try to chew thoroughly and swallow the full portion in your mouth before starting to take another serving.
- Divide meals to avoid overeating, food in the stomach that is too full will flow into the larynx.
- Avoid foods and alcohol that stimulate acid reflux: Fatty meats, fried snacks, tomato sauce, ethanol, candy, mint, garlic, onions, and caffeine. Supplement fruits and vegetables.
- Avoid wearing uncomfortable clothing: Too tight clothing will put pressure on the abdomen and lower esophageal sphincter, creating conditions for gastric esophageal reflux.
- Herbal use: Licorice and chamomile are sometimes used to reduce gastroesophageal reflux. However, raw herbs sometimes have dangerous side effects and can affect the medication being treated. Talk to your doctor before starting any herbal remedy.
- Relaxation, stress reduction: Evidence shows that reducing stress and reducing anxiety can reduce symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux.
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In case of reflux that makes you nervous for a long time, does not cure or shows signs such as difficulty swallowing, swallowing, quiet pain, you need to go to a gastroenterologist for treatment intervention.