1. Nail psoriasis symptoms
Nail psoriasis causes changes in nails and toenails. These symptoms can have a physical and emotional impact on a person and affect the quality of their lives. A study published in 2016 has noted that 80 – 90% of those with the psoriatic disease can also get psoriatic in the nails, legs.
According to research published in 2014, 70 – 80% of those who suffer from psoriatic arthritis will suffer from nail psoriasis, while 5 – 10% of those with nail psoriasis will not be other psoriatic. Discolourable nails, peeling and debris can be a sign of nail psoriasis.
Psoriatic is a chronic disease of the immune system. Symptoms may vary from mild to severe. Initially, the psoriatic disease causes changes underneath the skin, after which it can affect the nail, joints. Signs of nail psoriatic disease include:
- The surface of the nail is pitted
- Nails may appear opaque white spots
- Change the shape or size of the nails
- The nail is thick
- The nails change to opaque or yellowish-white
Nails can also be separated, thicken, shatter or flaking off the fingers. This can make it difficult to perform some manual activity.
2. Causes of nail psoriasis disease
Nail psoriasis is a psoriatic disease that appears in the nail position. This is a chronic disease associated with an immune system disorder. According to experts, normally the skin cells will produce after approximately 28-30 days. However, when psoriatic, the immune system will be overactive, the skin cell produces faster than usual, causing the skin of the nail to thicken, causing redness and itching. Although the skin is the main target but some tissues such as nails, osteoarthritis is also affected. The inflammation that occurs then activates the acceleration of the cell production process in the nail, which causes the nail to grow abnormally, forming the psoriasis of the nail squamous. These symptoms may vary from mild to severe severity. If not treated early, the disease can adversely affect psychotherapy, aesthetics and affect the quality of life of a person.
Psoriatic disease is hereditary. Approximately 40% of those with psoriasis have relatives of this disease. If both parents suffer from psoriatic disease, the risk of a person is up to 75%. Men and women are equally capable of psoriasis. The psoriatic disease can occur in people of all races.
In addition, some factors that increase the risk of psoriatic general and nail psoriatic in particular include:
- Prolonged Stress.
- Cold, dry weather.
- Skin injuries such as bites, abrasions.
- Drink lots of alcohol, beer.
- Use of certain drugs such as treatment of high blood pressure, bipolar disorder, antimalarial drugs,…
3. How to treat nail psoriasis effectively
Nail psoriasis does not always cause pain in the body, but it affects the aesthetics, making people feel lost with confidence. This psoriasis treatment method includes:
- Use topical drugs, such as creams directly on the nails.
- Use of systemic drugs, which act on the whole body.
- Medical treatments, in which doctors inject drugs into the flesh under the nails.
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A doctor may prescribe any of the following drugs:
- Cream or ointment for rubbing on and around nails, including steroids, vitamin A or vitamin D derivatives, antiallergic drugs. Steroids or cortisone can be injected under the nails.
- Systemic therapy can be appropriate if you have both skin symptoms and arthritis or if serious skin and nail symptoms are prolonged. Systemic therapy is effective throughout the body. It is usually of oral or injectable form.
- Non-drug treatment
Some people adopt optical or laser therapy. However, there is little evidence that they are effective when applied to the nail psoriasis. Lasers can cause pain and the use of ultraviolet phototherapy may increase the risk of skin cancer.
Nail care with nail psoriatic measures:
- Keep nails, short legs: This can help them clean, reduce the risk of infection. It can also prevent the nail from snapped or ruptured.
- Hand Protection: when exposed to detergents, protect the nails with gloves. This is especially important if a person is using topical drugs. However, avoid latex gloves because these can cause sensitive skin irritation.
- Use Moisturizer: This helps the nail softer, thereby avoiding the brittleness, fracture.