Psoriatic plaque is also known as plaque psoriasis is the most common psoriasis disease with 80% of people. Although not dangerous to life, the disease can cause many dangerous complications if not treated early.
1. What is plaque psoriasis?
Before you learn about the signs, complications of psoriatic plaques, you need to know what the psoriatic plaque can be.
Psoriatic can be characterized by 80% of people with psoriasis that can be acquired. This is an inflammatory disease of autoimmune dermatitis, characterized by signs of redness of the skin lesions, which have white scales. If not treated, psoriatic complications can be difficult to avoid.
Psoriatic signs of plaque
Psoriatic signs of the plate area on the skin that appear swollen plaque, the skin is red and there are white scales on the surface. The itching condition appears in most people with psoriasis.
This plaque can cause pain and itching. Some arrays are prone to bleeding or cracking. These lesions can occur anywhere on the body but are more likely to appear on the elbows, knees, back, and scalp.
Inflamed skin areas are the most noticeable symptom of psoriasis, however, other symptoms may occur. Symptoms of the psoriatic disease can vary from person to person and include the following symptoms:
- The red skin patches covered with silver or white color
- Thick or rugged nails
- The sick small areas are then spreading
- Itching, burning, and soreness
- Pain, swelling of joints
These symptoms may occur or be aggravated over several weeks or months at exacerbations. At this point, the symptoms can be reduced, or even more intense exacerbations. This cycle tends to be repeated over and over again in life.
2. What is the cause of plaque psoriasis?
Experts are not sure why people have plaque psoriatis disease. This is considered an autoimmune disease. That means, your immune system attacks healthy cells as if it is fighting against infection. This makes new skin cells grow much faster than normal and they accumulate in thick, psoriasis-induced plaques.
You will be at high risk for a psoriatic plaque if there are pathogenic genes or some of the risk factors below:
-Family history of psoriatic disease: about 10% of the population carries the disease gene and potentially psoriasis but only about 3% of people are the onset of the disease.
-Triggers: These are the “ignited” factors that begin to react to your immune system. Sometimes, it is an injury in the skin or due to severe sunburns. Psoriatic can also be caused by the use of a certain drug such as malaria-treated drugs, antihypertensive drugs. Infection, especially streptococcal pharyngitis can cause psoriatic disease. In addition, stress, prolonged stress can also trigger psoriatic exacerbations.
Non-infectious psoriatic disease. It can not be spread by touching or another close contact.
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3. Psoriatic complications can array
Plaque psoriatic disease can cause a number of complications. Some psoriatic complications can be quite severe.
The array of lesions can be infected, especially if they are cracked and bleed. In addition, people with plaque psoriasis are at higher risk of being:
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Other autoimmune disorders including Celiac disease and Crohn’s disease
- Heart disease and high blood pressure
- Some eye problems
- Kidney disease
- Parkinson’s disease
People who suffer from plaque psoriasis are likely to suffer from higher depression than 50% healthy people. Plaque psoriatic disease can cause a loss of confidence and provoke a wearer, negatively affecting the spirit as well as the life of the patient.
4. How to improve your psoriatic symptoms effectively
- Use of the drug
Methods for using psoriasis treatment include topical drugs, oral or injectable medications that affect the entire body.
People with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis may benefit from this type of treatment. Psoriasis treatment drugs include anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, drugs that alter the immune system… Although there is certain efficacy but drugs that inhibit the immune system, long-term use will weaken the immune system, causing psoriatic scales to be more severe and difficult to treat. Also, the side effects of the drug are quite severe.
- Photochemotherapy Application
Photochemical therapy is a method used by many people and is rated quite safe when used. This is the method of using UVA rays, UVB for the treatment and improvement of psoriatic symptoms. However, beware, as this treatment can cause burns, skin cancer.