* Psoriatic arthritis and psoriatic disease are autoimmune conditions. Normally, the immune system has the function of protecting the body against diseases and infections. In autoimmune conditions, the immune system becomes a disorder and attacks the healthy parts of the body. It is estimated that approximately 50% of people with the psoriatic disease will suffer from psoriatic arthritis.
* Psoriatic arthritis can cause a number of mild to severe symptoms. One of the main symptoms is pain, swelling, and stiffness caused by inflammation inside the joint. Inflammation is often a useful tool for a healthy immune system. The body sends fluids, mainly blood to a part of the body to fight infection. But when arthritis is inflamed, inflammation can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness.
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* Any joint can be affected by psoriatic arthritis. The joints are most often affected: neck, back, shoulder, elbow, wrist, finger, knee, ankle, toes,… Stiffness is usually the first worst symptom in the morning and it can last longer than 30 minutes.
* People with psoriatic arthritis can see swelling of the fingers or toes. It usually affects 1-2 fingers or toes at the same time. In addition, psoriatic arthritis can also cause a sick person to be tired.
1. Causes of psoriatic arthritis
* To date, the causes of psoriatic arthritis are not actually found but according to statistics, about 50% of patients will develop psoriatic in the joints. It usually develops within 10 years when the psoriatic disease is diagnosed, however, no fewer cases, a psoriatic disease in the joints will occur before psoriatic condition in the skin.
* Psoriatic arthritis occurs due to the mistaken attack of the immune system into healthy tissue. However, it is unclear why some people with the psoriatic disease develop psoriatic arthritis while others do not. In addition, genes inherited from parents and grandparents can make you prone to psoriatic arthritis. Besides, some of the following factors may trigger flare-psoriatic arthritis: infection, accident or injury, overweight, smoking, alcohol intake, beer…
2. Effects of psoriatic arthritis on the body.
Having psoriatic arthritis can cause you the potential risk of developing other complications on the body. They can include:
- Affect the eye
Psoriatic arthritis can increase the risk of uveitis. Seek emergency medical care if one or both of your eyes are red, painful, especially blurred vision or loss of vision. These symptoms are caused by uveitis (inflammation of the iris), associated with inflammation in the front of the eye. These symptoms can appear suddenly or gradually in a few days. The disease affects one or both eyes and is effectively treated with steroids.
- Affect the heart
Psoriatic arthritis can increase the risk of heart disease. You can minimize the risk by no smoking; Maintain a steady weight; Regular exercise; Eat a healthy diet, low in fat, sugar, and salt; Do not drink too much alcohol. These positive lifestyle choices can help improve your arthritis and psoriatic symptoms.
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- Crohn’s disease
Crohn’s disease is the condition of the inflamed digestive system. See a doctor if you have any of the following symptoms: blood-binding stool; Diarrhea for more than seven days; prolonged stomach pain; Sauce fatigue; Unexplained weight loss.
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a term used to describe the accumulation of fat in the liver. This does not cause problems in the early stages. But it can lead to cirrhosis, even liver cancer. You should see a doctor if fatigue; Dull pain in the upper right of the abdomen; Unexplained weight loss; Jaundice and eyes; itching of the skin; Edema in the legs, ankles, feet or abdomen.
3. What is the treatment of psoriatic arthritis?
At present, the main purpose of the treatment of psoriatic arthritis is the relief of symptoms, slowing the progression of the disease and improving the quality of life of a person.
The main drugs that are used to treat psoriatic arthritis include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
- Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs).
- Biological drugs.